How to Make Yogurt
Nothing beats the temptation of a bowl full of Yogurt mixed with fruit and herbs. It is not only a delicious dairy product but also has great nutritional value, which makes it an ideal diet for kids, adults and elderly persons.
Yogurt is rich in calcium, protein, vitamin B6, riboflavin, and vitamin B12 and helps prevent diarrhea associated with antibiotic. Yogurt is ideal for people of all age groups. For infants and children it provides a balanced amount of protein, carbohydrates, fats and minerals. For elderly persons, it is essential food because it helps decline bifidus bacteria, known to cause cancer.
Yogurt is found in almost every region and culture and it is one of the reasons why there are numerous variants of Yogurt. It is easily available in markets and is extremely easy to prepare at home.
Following are the ingredients and their required quantity essential to make Yogurt at home.
- 1 quart or 946 ml milk, usually cow milk is believed to be rich in protein and therefore ideal to make Yogurt.
- 1/4 to 1/2 cup dry, non-fat milk
- 1 tpsp white sugar
- A pinch of salt, slat can be added later on as per liking.
- 2 tpsp existing yogurt that already has live cultures. Frozen and dried bacteria can also be used.
- Take two pots that can fit inside one another and create a double boiler to prevent milk from burning completely. Or you can heat the milk in any pot but it will take some monitoring and stirring in between throughout the process. Heat the milk to 85ºC or until it starts to froth.
- Now put the milk in refrigerator or use the cold water bath method to cool the milk to 43ºC, make sure that it doesn't go below 32ºC.
- Cool the prepared yogurt at room temperatures to make it ready to be mixed with cooled milk.
- Add dry, non-fat milk to increase the nutritional content. This is optional.
- Add the prepared yogurt in the milk and mix it with blender to evenly distribute the bacteria.
- Put the mixture in a container and put a tight lid on it and let the mixture there for 7 hours to ensure that bacteria have incubated. Make sure that the room temperature is as close to 38ºC.
- Now place the yogurt in refrigerator for several hours and then serve.
Variations of the recipe
- Vanilla yogurt Add 2 or 3 tbsp vanilla extract to milk or add one vanilla bean in milk when it is being heated.
- Lemon yogurt Add fresh lemon juice (1/3 or 1/2 cup) when yogurt is prepared.
- Berry yogurt Boil berries in water, add some honey or lemon juice and mix it well to finished yogurt.